It is enlightening to realise that dichotomies like “rich” / “poor”, “lucky” / “unlucky”, “spoilt, posh, uptight” / “humble, hard-working, working-class” are relative.
Interestingly, most of us seem to despise “the rich” — meaning by that anyone who is richer than us. We don’t stop to think that we ourselves are “rich” for other people.
💭 An example: In my particular case, right now (2016), I would call “rich” those who:
These might be some approximate definitions for “rich, lucky, posh, spoilt” for me, because those are all things I don’t own/do.
The interesting thing here is this: if someone had asked me fiften years ago or so, I might have considered that my current train of life is that of a despicable, filthy posh person who can’t appreciate how tough life actually is. And I’m not talking about the effect of inflation here.
💭 Another example: Not long ago, I was talking with a friend of mine who has been living in London for around a decade now. [Pending.]
When people wrongly share information about other people (personal or intimate details), the moral thing is to avoid any contact with it.
When someone steals intimate photos or videos of someone else, or simply betrays the trust of the person who shared that with them in the first place, they are acting in an immoral way. The least society can do to prevent or discourage such behaviour is to actively avoid using and spreading that information.
I consider it is wrong to actively search online for photos “stolen” from celebrities, “revenge porn”, etc. It makes you an accomplice, in some way.
For me, the same applies to things like the Ashley Madison breach: it is wrong to use that leaked database in any way. It was exposed illegally (and, most importantly, immorally), without the consent of the users of the site, so nobody should benefit from it; not even out of “curiosity”.
I don’t respect the supposed privilege of specific groups to be critic with themselves, express opinions in caustic ways, or use certain words, when members of that group engage in those behaviours themselves.
For the same reason that your genes, your chromosomes and your passport don’t remove certain basic human rights and abilities from you (if you think otherwise, you would be a racist, a sexist, a xenophobe) — for those same reasons, they don’t grant you special privileges, either. 💭 Example: I, as a Spaniard, have the same right to (respectfully) criticise Japan and the Japanese, or to ridicule or parody them, as Japanese people themselves. 💭 Example: when a group starts using a derogatory word and finally adopts and “normalises” it (“queer”, “nigger”, “marica”), for me, they’re implicitly letting people outside that circle use it too. 💭 Example: the opinions of a childless person about childcare, tax exemptions for parents, paedophilia, etc. should not be dismissed, nor given a lower value than those coming from parents. (Yes, we can recognise the value of personal experiences; but when we’re discussing statistics, averages, tradeoffs for society, etc, your experience raising your child or children is merely an anecdote.)
💭 Here is a thought experiment to prove that it’s wrong to grant usage of certain words or ideas to specific groups of people only:
Imagine there is a radio commentator you listen to frequently, and that you like. This person happens to be a black male. His views on things are constructive, accurate and honest; but he’s got a dark, sarcastic sense of humour, and he enjoys being provocative and very direct, too. You like him in general, and find yourself agreeing with what he says most of the time (and being amused and/or stimulated by his direct style).
Among many other subjects related to the news and to world affairs, this person discusses race issues from time to time. When doing so, he sometimes uses terms like “nigger” to refer to his race. He also exploits racial stereotypes about blacks (stealing social benefits, clinging to their guns and bling, etc) — either for humour, or to get his point across.
You are not the least bothered by those rethorical devices because it is clear that the gist of his views and ideas are not the least racist — on the contrary. And besides, he’s black himself; so surely he can say those things.
Except he isn’t.
That’s right: one day, browsing a magazine, you stumble upon a photograph of the guy, and he’s unmistakable white. He’s as WASP as it gets. He’s a white male, and he is well-off. Then you realise that, actually, you never read or heard anyone mentioning his race before, and that he didn’t make that explicit himself on the air. It turns out that you just assumed from the beginning that he was black, perhaps simply because his voice sounded like the voice of a black person to you.
Now the questions you have to answer to yourself are these:
Do you see this guy’s comments about race, and the words he used to discuss that, in a different light? (remember that you used to agree with his opinions, because those were against racism). Do you think now that he is racist? Do you find it offensive that he uses words like “nigger”?
If your answer to any of the questions above were positive, then you would be racist.
Think about it: you just changed your feelings or your opinion about somebody (for the worse), just because you learnt about his race.
💭 Another ficticious situation to illustrate my point:
Imagine that there is a columnist or an author you like and follow. She’s a cultivated thinker, a progressive who supports the rights of minorities.
She also curses a lot and ditches political correctness; it’s her style. When addressing female discrimination, she would frequently rally her “sisters” from her op-ed. She talks about this army of “bitches”… stepping up for their rights, giving up chocolate, whining, and cheesy rom-coms for a better version of themselves… She calls her girlfriends “proud whores”: liberated women who are in control of their sexuality, who even leverage the instincts of men (dumb men…) to exact their revenge on this sexist society…
For years, you have felt that this style of hers, far from undermining her feminist agenda, makes it stronger. So, most of the time, you really like her ideas, and definitely sympathise with her point of view on gender issues.
Only that she is a he.
Her name is but a pseudonym, and one day you learn that the columnist you so much love is a bloke.
Make yourself an analogous set of questions: Does it look sexist to you, now, his choice of words over the years? Is he a chauvinistic pig because he dared to indulge on those stereotypes of women as either femmes fatales, prostitutes, crying babies, spoilt little girls… (even if his point was feminist)? Were those columns (or books) a brilliant, acid, self-deprecating, provocative call to arms then, but a despicable display of male chauvinism now?
If your answer to any of the questions above were positive, then you would be sexist.
If we find it perfectly OK that lesbians call each other, and themselves, “queer”; or that gay men say “queen” (and similar supposedly derogatory words), then we should not need to know beforehand the sexual orientation of somebody to decide whether we approve of their use of these words.
If I based my judgement about the use of certain “dangerous” words or ideas by a particular person on their gender, sexual orientation, race, nationality, age, aspect…, then I would be guilty of precisely the same kind of discrimination or prejudice that the mere usage of those words and ideas supposedly implies.
All this does not mean that one should not try to be nice and respectful to others, or that we should not reasonably accommodate their preferences and their ideas about what is offensive. There is nothing to be gained by purposely acting or talking in a way that we know for sure other people find offensive or distressing per se (that is useful, and almost necessary, to be funny in an ironic or satirical way, to arouse interest in higher causes, to sparkle debate and healthy confrontation of ideas, etc).
So, no: I don’t call my black friends “nigger”. Nor do I call my female Spanish friends “chocho” (“pussy”), as some women in Spain would sometimes call other women, in a very friendly atmosphere.
I do think that there is intellectual ground to defend that doing so would not make me racist/sexist; it would only be coherent with their own use. But I have no interest in risking friendship over an intellectual itch.
“Very few words are inherently and unwaveringly bad. Even the N-word is perfectly acceptable when used by certain group members in certain contexts.”
First of all, how prudish are we getting when we can’t write or say “nigger”, not even when the context makes it absolutely clear we’re not using the word in an offensive way, not even to discuss the word itself?
Second, I agree with the gist of that quote (ie, even the most apparently offensive words are used bona fide), but I would remove the clause “when used by certain group members”. There is the problem.
Who has the right to use the word “retarded” with its colloquial meaning?
Only people who are literally retarded (intellectually impaired)? Do everybody else offend the retarded when they wield that word against someone who is not literally retarded? If that is the case, where is the limit?
How patronising is that towards all people who don’t find themselves within the “safe” categories in all dimensions of life? In other words, if you tick at least one of the “victim”, “discriminated” or simply “unlucky” boxes, do you have a right to be offended by certain words, and moral ground to ask others to stop using them?
How hypocritical is it to refrain from using certain words to avoid being offensive to others, precisely because you assume a great deal of unhappiness or shame in their conditions?
Who owns words?
I am against it, and actively boycott it.
Advertising wastes resources and attention, and pollutes the environment (urban space, landscapes, streets, airwaves).
I do not think advertising should be forbidden. I just think educated citizens should boycott it, to the extent they can:
[TODO: elaborate on this belief, justify.]
In principle, I don’t trust the politics games that the media report about: petty disputes; scandals; the dirty laundry of politicians, parties and institutions.
I also don’t trust entertainment TV in general: reality shows, shocking documentaries, and the like. I tend to assume all those are actors, and that what I see is scripted and optimised for audience and for shock value and outrage.
I do not have a definite opinion on many issues, and that is OK. I distrust those who never seem to doubt what side of the trench they’re in. How is that even possible?
Stuff has value. That is easy to see with your car, your computer, your fancy coat: you value them, they cost you money. But I believe humble objects have value, too. A cheap pencil deserves “respect”, in a way. Discarding or breaking small objects, tools, food, gifts without a good reason is wrong. I can’t argue well about this: I admit it’s kind of spiritual, almost superstitious. I grew up hearing my parents express love for small things; especially things that have to do with knowledge, education, emotions, art. My parents would praise the simple value of a brand new notebook, a cheap book, a ballpen. Also, a pair of shoes that are worn-out and thus a bit ugly, but that precisely because of this fit you perfectly and are extremely comfortable. That kind of things. I try to honour the value of those small objects, to the extent that is reasonable.
“The frustration of photographing something amazing when thousands of identical photos already exist—the same sunset, the same waterfall, the same curve of a hip, the same closeup of an eye—which can turn a unique subject into something hollow and pulpy and cheap.”
I believe radically in free speech, irreverent humour, black humour and parody. I can’t understand censorship of almost any kind. For example, it always bugged me that “Mein Kampf” was effectively censored/banned in Germany for years.
I’m a militant atheist.
I revere acid inonoclasts such as Tim Minchin and the late George Carlin.
I believe in strong transparency in the corporate world, and within organisations (eg, sharing salaries among employees).
Forming (informed) 💡 opinions about hard questions is a long and ardous task — but also a fun one, and intellectually rewarding. Don’t settle for the first opinion that sounds convincing (let alone comforting) about anything important; discovering the truth takes many reads, and opening the mind to views that initially might seem absurd or even repulsive.
(Related to the one above.) Escaping one’s own bubble from time to time is hard, but important. Our friends tend to think similar to us. Our readings tend to enforce our views (be it fiction, essays or the news). It is necessary a conscious effort to absorb new ideas that seem extravagant or dissenting.
💡 Envy and 💡 nostalgia are probably the two negative thoughts that affect me most often. (And it’s revealing that both feelings seem so similar! — nostalgia is envy of your past self; envy is nostalgia of the imagined version of you that could have existed if only you were just as good as that other person.)
We need much fewer laws.
We need much clearer contracts.